5 Takeaways: Legal Expert Talks Health Club Reopening

Attorney Adam Sloustcher joined us for a webinar to discuss new legal considerations for staff as clubs reopen. Here are our five key takeaways.

In May, IHRSA hosted a webinar with Adam Sloustcher, associate at the San Diego, CA, law firm Fisher & Phillips. Sloustcher's expertise lies in guiding employers through workplace issues and litigation—including helping his fitness industry clients reopen safely and with minimum risk.

In this article, we’re focusing on five takeaways from the webinar:

  1. Think through who will conduct temperature checks
  2. Find out if face masks are required where you operate
  3. Communication and documentation are important
  4. Be sure to consider your employees
  5. Liability waivers may not be as helpful as you think
Legal temperature check document unsplash stock column

1. Think through who will conduct temperature checks

“If we're going to conduct temperature checks, I think the first thing we need to consider is who is going to conduct the temperature checks for our employees and for our members,” Sloustcher said. “... [if feasible,] hire an independent contractor, a medical professional, who knows what they're doing and knows how to take people's temperatures to conduct the checks.”

If your employee administers these temperature checks, you’ll need to review and follow the CDC guidelines for personal protective equipment (PPE) and training required for that employee.

2. Find out if face masks are required where you operate

“Check your local jurisdiction to see if it's mandatory that people wear masks,” Sloustcher stated. Clubs need to be careful what they require of members because not all people will be able to workout with a mask on.

If staff are required to wear masks, it is important that the masks are always clean (if not reusable), worn properly, and to make sure staff are not sharing masks. “T...the more training we give to our own people, the safer the environment that we have,” Sloustcher said.

Legal man holding mask unsplash stock column

3. Communication and documentation are important

Legally, communicating—and documenting that communication—is key.

“The whole point here is us showing that we're doing everything within our power to make this a safe place,” said Sloustcher. “So if we're challenged later on or some issue arises, the more that we can show that we did everything in our power to make this a safe place, the better.”

Sloustcher said every measure you can put in place to communicate a safe environment to patrons and staff is a must. Documenting all of these efforts and communications is also crucial.

“We also want to be documenting every effort that we're making to protect ourselves...and we can use that documentation later on,” he shared.

During the webinar, a participant asked if there would be a requirement to close gyms for a certain suggested time frame for a deep clean if a case of COVID-19 is reported at a facility.

“It might be a very good idea [to close the facility] for one, to manage risk, and two, making other people feel comfortable to come to our gym,” Sloustcher told them.

While there may not be a requirement from the government to do a formal cleaning, it is advised in order to protect your business and to make your members and employees feel safe.

4. Be sure to consider your employees

If there is a situation where an employee refuses to return to work, Sloustcher offered a few key steps.

“Put in writing that we offered that person their job back...if we have documentation such as a letter...then we can use that letter to our advantage when it comes to PPP loan forgiveness,” Sloustcher stated. This is an update to PPP loan forgiveness policies. “We can now with proper documentation prove we offer this person their job back, then refusing to come back. That won't be counted against us when it comes to loan forgiveness.”

He also said, “There's going to be a specific individualized process that we need to go through with each person to basically drill down on the reason why they are not coming back to work. The reason I bring this up is because there could be other medical conditions that we don't know about.”

It’s very important to make sure as employers that you accommodate your employees individually and keep documentation of your communications.

Adam also brought the idea to create a Safety Committee for your workplace. This can be a small group of people that help to field questions related to COVID-19 and safety for your business.

“We want to be able to communicate to our employees and to our members, what we're doing to make the workplace safe and encourage any and all questions to be directed our way. I think transparency can go a long way, especially with our staff so that they understand that there are challenges related to reopening, but we're doing everything in our power to overcome those challenges. And I think that would be great for a lot of things, including morale,” Adam said.

Legal man signing document unsplash stock column

5. Liability waivers may not be as helpful as you think

“There is no magic language you could put in a document that will erase any sort of liability, and that applies to our employees and to members,” Sloustcher said. Liability waivers are typically more difficult to enforce and vary by state.

Instead consider new documents that outline new staff training and protocols in place for your members. If you are challenged in the future, you can point to these documents and training and prove that you had new standards and training in place to protect employees.

Similarly, you can send these new policies and protocols to members via email as an additional communication.

To access a “Back to Business FAQ” for employers from Fisher & Phillips, visit the law firm's website. Sloustcher also shared information about the FFCRA and employee pay in the full webinar hosted on May 21, 2020.

Fisher & Phillips also recently shared an article with guidance for reopening fitness clubs specifically for the state of California.

Related Articles & Publications

Author avatar

Christine Ulatoski

Christine Ulatoski is the Senior Manager, Meetings, Events, & Education for IHRSA. She develops educational content online and in person at IHRSA events, as well as manages all event speakers. Outside of IHRSA, Christine can be found teaching or taking group fitness classes, or in the kitchen baking her specialty: chocolate chip cookies!